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    Unit1 Great scientists
    1. put forward 提出
    2. conclude 结束,结论
    3. draw a conclusion 得出结论
    4. defeat 打败
    5. attend 照顾,护理,出席
    6. expose to 使显露
    7. cure 治愈,治疗
    8. challenge 挑战
    9. suspect 怀疑,被怀疑者
    10. blame 责备
    11. handle 柄,把手,处理,掌控
    12. link 联系,连接
    13. link to 将…和…连接
    14. announce 宣布
    15. contribute 捐献,贡献
    16. apart from 除了
    17. be strict with 对…严格
    18. make sense 讲的通,有意义
    19. spin 使旋转
    20. reject 拒绝,抛弃
    1. What do you know about infectious diseases?
    2. John Snow was a famous doctor in London – so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician.
    3. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera.
    4. Neither its cause, nor its cure was understood.
    5. He knew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found.
    6. The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.
    7. John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence.
    8. It seemed that the water was to blame.
    9. He immediately told the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the pump so that it could not be used.
    10. In another part of London, he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak.
    一. 过去分词作表语
    1. 过去分词做表语与被动语态的差异:
    The store is now closed.(系表)
    The library is usually closed at 8:00 p.m. (被动)
    2. 某些过去分词作表语,多半用来表示人物所处的心理状态或情感变化, 其主语主要是人。
    这类过去分词通常为下列过去分词: delighted, devoted, discouraged , astonished, frightened, excited, inspired, encouraged, interested, contented, pleased, puzzled, satisfied, tired, worried, ect .
    二. 过去分词作定语
    1. 过去分词用作定语,如果是单个的,置于其所修饰的名词之前。
    We must adapt our thinking to the changed conditions.
    2. 过去分词短语用作定语时,置于其所修饰的名词之后,其意义相当于一个定语从句,但较从句简洁,多用于书面语中。
    The concert given by their friends was a success.
    3. 过去分词短语有时也可用作非限制性定语,前后常有逗号。
    The meeting,attended by over five thousand people,welcomed the great hero.
    Unit2 The United Kingdom
    1. consist 组成,在于,一致
    2. consist of 由…组成
    3. divide…into 把…分成
    4. break away from 脱离
    5. to one’s credit 在…的名下,为…带来荣誉
    6. attract 吸引,引起注意
    7. leave out 省去,遗漏,不考虑
    8. plus 加上,和,正的
    9. take the place of 代替
    10. break down 损坏,破坏
    11. arrange 安排
    12. fold 折叠,对折
    13. delight 快乐,高兴,喜悦
    1. How many countries does the UK consist of?
    2. You can easily clarify this question if you study British history.
    3. Happily this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well.
    4. However, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government.
    5. To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas.
    6. England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.
    7. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.
    8. Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.
    9. It looked splendid when first built.
    10. What interested her most was the longitude line.
    一. 能接过去分词作宾语补足语的动词有三类:
    1. 表示感觉或心理状态的动词,如:see, hear, feel, watch, notice;think(认为), consider, find等。
    We saw the thief caught by the police.
    We thought the game lost.
    2. 表示“致使”或“保持某状态”意义的动词,如:make, get, have, keep, leave等。
    Don’t leave such an important thing undone.
    He had his hat blown away on his way home.
    3. 表示“希望、要求、命令”等动词,如:want, wish, like, expect, order等。
    I want the house white-washed before we move in.
    He won’t like such questions discussed at the meeting.
    二. "with +宾语+过去分词"结构
    "with +宾语+过去分词"结构中,过去分词用作介词with的宾语补足语。这一结构通常在句中作时间,方式,条件,原因等状语。例如:
    1. The murderer was brought in,with his hands tied behind his back.凶手被带进来了,他的双手被绑在背后.(表方式)
    2. With water heated,we can see the steam.水一被加热,我们就会看到水蒸气.(表条件)
    3. With the matter settled,we all went home.事情得到解决,我们都回家了.(表原因)
    Unit3 Life in the Future
    1. impression 印象,感想
    2. take up 拿起,开始,继续
    3. constant 时常发生的,连续不断的
    4. previous 在前的,早先的
    5. guide 指导,向导
    6. lack 缺乏,没有
    7. lose sight of 看不见
    8. sweep up 横扫
    9. slide into 移动,溜进
    10. optimistic 乐观的
    11. speed up 加速
    12. desert 沙漠
    13. instant 瞬间,片刻
    14. settlement 定居,解决
    1. I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD 3008.
    2. At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate.
    3. The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left.
    4. Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached.
    5. Soon I was back on my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer.
    6. However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions.
    7. He was swept up into the center of them.
    8. Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room.
    9. I found later that their leaves provided the room with much-needed oxygen.
    1. 过去分词作时间状语相当于一个时间状语从句。例如:
    Asked (When he was asked) what had happened, he lowered his head.
    2. 过去分词作原因状语相当于一个原因状语从句。例如:
    Frightened (=Because / As she was frightened) by the tiger, the girl didn't dare to sleep alone.
    因为害怕老虎, 这个女孩不敢单独睡觉。
    3. 过去分词作条件状语相当于一个条件状语从句。例如:
    Grown (If these seeds are grown) in rich soil, these seeds can grow fast.
    如果种在肥沃的土壤里, 这些种子能长得很快。
    4. 过去分词作让步状语相当于一个让步状语从句。例如:
    Left (Although he was left) at home, John didn't feel afraid at all.
    虽然John被单独留在房间里, 他一点都不害怕。
    5. 过去分词作状语表示伴随动作或状态。例如:
    The teacher entered the classroom, (and he was) followed by a group of students.
    Unit4 Making the News
    1. delighted 快乐的,欣喜的
    2. assist 帮助,协助
    3. process 加工,处理,过程,程序
    4. concentrate on 集中,聚集
    5. acquire 获得,学到
    6. assess 评估,评定
    7. inform 通知
    8. depend on 依靠
    9. accuse… of 控告
    10. so as to 为了
    11. demand 需求,要求
    12. ahead of 在…前面
    13. approve 许可,批准
    1. Never will Zhou Yang forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper.
    2. You’ll find your colleagues very eager to assist you, so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you’re interested.
    3. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills.
    4. Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know.
    5. They must use research to inform themselves of the missing parts of the story.
    6. Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the persons said.
    7. Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick?
    8. This is how the story goes.
    9. He denied taking money but we were sceptical.
    10. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong.
    Unit5 First aid
    1. first aid 急救
    2. fall ill 生病
    3. poison 毒药,使中毒
    4. electric shock 触电,电休克
    5. swell 使膨胀,隆起
    6. squeeze 榨,挤
    7. squeeze out 榨出,挤出
    8. over and over again 反复,多次
    9. in place 在适当的位置
    10. pour 倒,灌
    11. a number of 许多
    12. put one’s hands on 找到
    13. treat 治疗,对待,款待
    14. apply 应用,运用,申请
    15. make a difference 区别对待,有影响,起(重要)作用
    1. Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns depending on which layers of the skins are burnt.
    2. Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.
    3. If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible.
    4. …it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.
    5. John was studying in his room when he heard screaming.
    6. She was lying in her front garden bleeding very heavily.
    7. He immediately asked a number of nearby people for bandages, …
    8. He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds until the police and ambulance arrived.
    8. There is no doubt that Jon’s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade’s life.
    9. It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real difference. 这说明了急救知识的确能发挥重要的作用。