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形容词的使用讲解和形容词练习

http://www.newdu.com 2018-11-16 互联网 佚名 参加讨论

    形容词在句中作定语, 表语, 宾语补足语。
    She is a good student, and she works hard.
    她是一个好学生,她学习努力。
    This bike is expensive.
    这辆自行车很贵。
    I am sorry, I'm busy now.
    对不起,我现在很忙。
    Have you got everything ready for the meeting?
    你为这次会议做好准备吗?
    形容词在句中的位置:
    形容词作定语一般放在被修饰的名词之前。如果有两个或两个以上的形容词修饰一个名词时, 则由它们和被修饰的名词之间的密切程度而定, 越密切的形容词越靠近名词。如果几个形容词的密切程度差不多则按音节少的形容词放在前面, 音节多的形容词放在后面。
    英语单词中,something, anything, nothing 等不定代词被形容词修饰时,形容词放在名词后面。
    I have something important to tell you.
    我有重要的事要告诉你。
    Is there anything interesting in the film.
    电影里有什么有趣的内容吗?
    There is nothing dangerous here.
    这儿一点都不危险。
    由两个或两个以上的词组成的形容词词组修饰名词时须放在名词之后。
    This is the book easy to read.
    这是一本容易读的书。
    用 and 或 or 连接起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后面。起进一步解释的作用。
    Everybody, man and woman, old and young, should attend the meeting.
    每一个人,男女老少,都应该参加会议。
    You can take any box away, big or small.
    这些箱子,不管大小,你都可以拿走。
    形容词的比较级和最高级:
    绝大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级, 以表示形容词说明的性质在程度上的不同。
    形容词的比较级和最高级:
    形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础上变化的。 分为规则变化和不规则变化。
    规则变化:
    1) 单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。
    great (原级) greater(比较级) greatest(最高级)
    2) 以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -r 和 -st 构成。
    wide (原级) wider (比较级) widest (最高级)
    3)少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。
    clever(原级) cleverer(比较级) cleverest(最高级)
    4) 以 -y 结尾,但 -y 前是辅音字母的形容词的比较级和最高级是把 -y 去掉,加上 -ier 和-est 构成.
    happy (原形) happier (比较级) happiest (最高级)
    5) 以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高级是双写该辅音字母然后再加 -er和-est。
    big (原级) bigger (比较级) biggest (最高级)
    6) 双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用more 和 most 加在形容词前面来构成。
    beautiful (原级) difficult (原级)
    more beautiful (比较级) more difficult (比较级)
    most beautiful (最高级) most difficult (最高级)
    不规则变化
    原级 比较级 最高级
    good better best
    many more most
    much more most
    bad worse worst
    little less least
    ill worse worst
    far farther(further) farthest(furthest)
    形容词前如加 less 和 lest 则表示"较不"和"最不"
    important 重要 less important 较不重要 lest important 最不重要
    形容词比较级的用法:
    形容词的比较级用于两个人或事物的比较,其结构形式如下:
    主语+谓语(系动词)+ 形容词比较级+than+ 对比成分。 也就是, 含有形容词比较级的主句+than+从句。注意从句常常省去意义上和主句相同的部分, 而只剩下对比的成分。
    Our teacher is taller than we are.
    我们老师的个子比我们的高。
    It is warmer today than it was yesterday.
    今天的天气比昨天暖和。
    This picture is more beautiful than that one.
    这张照片比那张照片漂亮。
    This meeting is less important than that one.
    这次会议不如那次会议重要。
    The sun is much bigger than the moon.
    太阳比月亮大得多。
    形容词最高级的用法:
    形容词最高级用于两个以上的人和物进行比较, 其结构形式为:
    主语+谓语(系动词)+the+形容词最高级+名词+表示范围的短语或从句。
    She is the best student in her class.
    她是班上最好的学生。
    Shanghai is one of the biggest cities in China.
    上海是中国最大城市之一。
    This is the biggest apple I have ever met.
    这是我见到的最大的苹果。
    Tom is the tallest boy in his basketball team.
    汤姆是他们篮球队中个子最高的孩子。
    几个特殊用法:
    
most 同形容词连用而不用 the,表示 "极,很,非常, 十分"。
    It's most dangerous to be here.
    在这儿太危险。
    I cannot do it, it's most difficult.
    我干不了这件事,太难了。
    "The+形容词比较级..., the+形容词比较级..."表示 " 越... 就越..."。
    The more you study, the more you know.
    你学的越多, 就知道的越多。
    The more I have, the more I want.
    我越有就越想要有。
    The more, the better.
    越多越好。
    " 形容词比较级 + and + 形容词比较级 ", 表示 " 越来越... "。
    It's getting hotter and hotter.
    天气越来越热了.
    It's pity he is getting poorer and poorer.
    真可怜他越来越穷了。
    The computer is cheaper and cheaper.
    计算机越来越便宜。
    The more and more people focus on the meeting next year.
    越来越多的人关注明年的会议。
    主语+谓语(系动词)+as+形容词原形+as+从句。表示两者对比相同。
    This box is as big as mine.
    这个盒子和我的一样大。
    This coat is as cheap as that one.
    这件衣服同那件衣服一样便宜。
    I study English as hard as my brother.
    我同我兄弟一样学习努力。
    用形容词表示类别和整体
    the + 形容词 表示某种人。
    He always helps the poor.
    他经常帮助穷人。
    I like to have a talk with the young.
    我喜欢同年轻人谈话。
    The rich sometimes complain their empty life.
    富人有时抱怨他们空虚的生活。
    The police led the old man across the street.
    警察领老人横过马路。
    以-ly结尾的形容词
    1) 大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但 friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,  ugly,brotherly,仍为形容词。
    改错:(错) She sang lovely.
    (错) He spoke to me very friendly.
    (对) Her singing was lovely.
    (对) He spoke to me in a very friendly way.
    2)有些以-ly 结尾的词既为形容词,也为副词。
    daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early
    The Times is a daily paper.
    The Times is published daily.
    多个形容词修饰名词的顺序
    多个形容词修饰名词时,其顺序为:
    限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --出处--材料性质,类别--名词
    a small round table
    a tall gray building
    a dirty old brown shirt
    a famous German medical school
    an expensive Japanese sports car
    一般与被修饰形容词关系密切的形容词靠近名词;如果几个形容词的重要性差不多,音节少的形容词在前,音节多的方在后,在不能确定时,可参照下表:
    限定词+数量词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、长短、高低等形体+
    those + three + beautiful + large + square 
    新旧+颜色+国籍+材料+名词
    old + brown + wood + table
    典型例题:
    
1) Tony is going camping with ___ boys. 
    A. little two other B. two little other  C. two other little  D. little other two
    答案:C。由"限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --性质--名词"的公式可知数词,描绘词,性质依次顺序,只有C符合答案。
    2) One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.
    A. old Chinese stone   B. Chinese old stone  C. old stone Chinese  D. Chinese stone old
    答案A. 几个形容词修饰一个名词,他们的排列顺序是:年龄,形状,大小+颜色+来源+质地+用途+国家+名词。
    3) ---- How was your recent visit to Qingdao?
    ---- It was great. We visited some friends,and spent the ___days at the seaside.
    A. few last sunny  B. last few sunny  C. last sunny few  D. few sunny last
    答案:B。本题考查多个形容词的排序问题。
     形容词的练习
    形容词练习 1.      Jane didn’t do _______ in the exam, but her exam results are _______ than last year’s. A. bad; worse       B. good; better    C. well; better   D. well; worse 2.      Which animal do you like _______ , cat or dog? A. very much       B. best           C. better       D. well 3.      We can jump _______ on the moon than on the earth. A. more high        B. much         C. high        D. much higher 4.      When he heard the good news, he felt _______. A. happier          B. happiest       C. happy       D. happily 5.      The _______ he is, the _______ he feels. A. busy; happy               B. busiest; hppiest C. busier; happier             D. busy; happily 6.      I don’t feel very _______ today. A. good            B. well          C. nice         D. fine 7.      I think English is as _______ as maths. A. important                 B. more important    C. most important             D. importanter 8.      That building is about 100 meters _______ . A. tall             B. high          C. taller         D. higher 9.      Jone Smith is _______ of the two young men. A. strong                    B. stronger         C. the stronger                D. the strongest 10. Our classroom is _______ in the whole school. A. cleanest                   B. the cleanest       C. cleaner                    D. the cleaner 11. The question is _______ than the last one. A very easy       B. much easy       C. very easier    D. much easier 12. I have two sisters , Lucy and Lily is _______ of the two. A. nicer          B. the nice         C. the nicer      D. nice 13. The Changjiang River is one of the _______ in China . A. longer river                 B. longest river   C. longest rivers                D. long rivers 14. The third cake is _______ of all, but it’s too dear. A. delicious                    B. most delicious  C. more delicious                D. the most delicious 15. I draw _______ and my handwriting is _______. A. good; good                  B. good; well        C. well; good                   D. well; well 16. It is _______ today than yesterday. A cold         B. colder           C. more colder    D. many colder 17. My brother doesn’t like studing. He watches TV for _______ two hours every day. A. less than     B. more than        C. little than       D. much than 18. Let’s buy _______ apples tomorrow. A. more some                  B. some more       C. any more                   D. more any 19. Please be _______ next time. A. carefuler                   B. more careful         C. carefulest                   D. the most careful 20. Of the four seasons, the _______time to come to Hangzho is in spring. A. good       B. well            C. better         D. best 21. Which do you like _______ ,pork,beef or chicken? A. good       B. well            C. better         D. best 22. What is _______ food in the USA? A. very popular                 B. more popular C. the most popular              D. most popular 23. It takes _______ time to go there by plane than by train. A. less       B. little            C. more          D. fewer 24. My brother is _______ to lift the heavy box. A. enough strong                B. strong enough         C. too strong                   D. strong 25 . Is chemistry more difficult than physics?     No, chemistry isn’t as _______ as physics.     A. easy        B. difficult         C. easier         D. more difficult 26. The TV program is boring. Shall we play chess instead?      All right. That is _______ than watching a boring program.      A. very good    B. much good      C. very better     D. much better 27. The young man is _______ to carry the heavy box.     A. enough strong                B. strong enough     C. too strong                   D. so strong 28. The little girl was afraid of staying _______ in the _______ house.  A. alone; alone   B. alone; lonely   C. lonely; lonely     D. lonely; alone 29. Do you like Beijing Opera?    Yes. It sounds nice. But it is _______ for me to learn.      A. hardly       B. hard           C. good          D. best 30. The cheese cake tasted so _______ that the kids asked for more.     A. delicious     B. well           C. bad           D. badly 31. If you want to know the meaning of the word ________, you’d better look it up in the dictionary.      A. mostly      B. exactly          C. nearly        D. hardly 32. Last weekend many people went to the concert, _______ young people.     A. hardly       B. probably       C. mostly       D. really 33. Will you please drive _______? The train is leaving soon.      A. quick       B. faster          C. slowly        D. more slowly 34. Sorry, I can’t work out this problem.    Try again, please. It’s only _______ difficult.      A. a bit       B. a lot       C. very       D. much too 答案: 1-5 CCDCC 6-10 ABBCD 11-15 BCCDC 16-20 BBBBD 21-25 DCABB 26-30 DBBBA 31-34 BCBA
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