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高考英语不同体裁文章的阅读方法-应用文

http://www.newdu.com 2018-11-16 互联网 佚名 参加讨论

    应用文的阅读方法
    应用文不同于一般普通的文章,应用文措辞简洁明了、直截了当。应用文是一种使用范围比较广泛的文体,象广告、书信、列车或飞机的时刻表、产品说明书、宣传海报、简明新闻等都属于应用文,他们的目的都是为了向读者传输信息。在阅读这类文章时主要是注意细节信息,做题时,根据所提问题用寻读、跳读的方法更有效。
    了解了应用文的措辞和内容特点,我们在实践中总结出读应用文的关键是:抓信息。例如:
    (05江西卷 C段)
    OUR KIDS ARE AMAZING-especially compared with everybody else’s (who seem to cry all the time). How do you show your love for your kids this holiday season? With toys that are smooth and colorful, interactive and exciting. And with ones that have educational value-because you are the boss.
    1.FLAX ART HOSPITAL PUZZLE AND PLAY SET
    Here is a toy that doesn’t need power-and the bike have to put it together themselves. This 50-piece puzzle set is made of soft-edged hardwood and makes a complete hospital, with an X-ray room. It also includes eight patients, a car and a driver.  $135; flaxart.com.
    2.TINY LOVE ACTIVITY BALL
    Sure, it’s cool, but this colorful baby toy also develops problem solving and motor skills. It has a head and legs, a magnetic(磁性的) hand and a tail. Suitable for little ones from 6 to 36 months.  $19.95; tinylove.com.
    3.ROBOSAPIEN
    This small, remote-control robot is really powerful. It performs 67 preprogrammed functions(功能), including throwing, kicking, picking up and dancing. You can even program your own function-which, sadly, does not include doing windows. $99;  robosapienonline.com.
    4.MINI PEDAL CAR
    Want a Mini Cooper but can’t fit the family inside? Get one for the kids. They can jump into this Mini car, which comes in hot orange with a single adjustable(可调的) seat, and ride away. But it could spoil them for that used car they’ll be driving when they turn 16.For ages 3 to 5.$189; miniusA.com  (click on “gear up,” then “Mini motoring gear”).
    解析:快速scanning,我们知道这是一篇关于儿童玩具的广告。抓信息是关键,要抓住对我们答题有用的信息。我们先看问题,看题目对什么信息提问,这样就能做到有的放矢,先看64题。
    64.Which toy is said to have the special design for children’s safety?
    A.ROBOSAPIEN
    B.MINI PEDAL CAR
    C.FLAX ART HOSPITAL PUZZLE AND PLAY SET
    D.TINY LOVE ACTIVITY BALL
    该题问哪一个玩具为孩子的安全做了特别的设计?回到原文,我们很快发现在1.FLAX ART HOSPITAL PUZZLE AND PLAY SET中有This 50-piece puzzle set is made of soft-edged hardwood and makes a complete hospital, with an X-ray room.一句描述,注意句中的soft-edged,我们可得出答案:C。
    65.Which toy are fit for three-year-old kids?
    A.1 and 3. B.2 and 4. C.I and 2. D.3 and 4.
    采用寻读的方法,很快找到答案:B。
    66.Educational value is mentioned in all the toys EXCETP _________.
    A.FLAX ART HOSPITAL PUZZLE AND PLAY SET
    B.TINY LVE ACTIVITY BALL
    C.ROBOSAPIEN
    D.MINI PEDAL CAR
    快速扫描四种玩具的特点,我们很快就能找到相关信息,得出答案:B。
    67.This passage is written for __________.
    A.parents B.children C.the writer D.the boss
    家长才会给孩子买玩具,不言而喻,答案:A。
    【实战演练练习二十六】(05山东卷 D篇)
    Use your American Express Card to enjoy one-day privileges at four of America’s greatest museums. Note the participating museums, and their exciting special exhibitions that you will not want to miss, listed below.
    Boston
    Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
    Chairs
    February 11--May 8, 2005
    Italian furniture expert Fausto Calderai and Indian photographer Dayanita Singh present an exhibition of chairs from the museum’s collection and “chair photographs” from around the world presented in a Venetian-style hall housing world-famous masterpieces.
    For more information: www.gardnermuseum.org
    New York
    The Noguchi Museum
    Noguchi and Graham
    December 1, 2004--May 1, 2005
    Noguchi’s long-term collaboration with dancer Martha Graham is regarded by many as a high point in the history of both modern dance and art. The exhibition highlights nine of the sets created through this collaboration.
    For more information: www.noguchi.org
    Philadelphia
    Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
    In Full View: American Painting(1720--2005)
    January 11--April 10, 2005
    Founded in 1805, the Pennsylvania Academy has been home to America’s artists for 200 years. The Academy collects and exhibits the works of famous American artists, and is well-known for training fine artists. 2005 at the Academy begins with the largest exhibition of Academy’s distinguished American collection in the institution’s history.
    For more information: www.pafA.org
    Seattle
    Seattle Museum of Glass
    Murano: Glass from the Olnick Spanu Collection
    Through November 7, 2004
    This exhibition includes over 200 pieces of beautiful glass from Murano, the island of glassblowers near Venice, Italy. Watch live glass-blowing shows in the Hot Shop and see other modern glass exhibitions.
    For more information: www.museumofglass.org
    69.Which of the following websites offers information about the furniture show?
    A.www.pafA.org   B.www. museumofglass.org
    C.www.noguchi.org  D.www.gardnermuseum.org
    70.We learn from the text that Martha Graham is _____.
    A.a dancer B.a glassblower C.a painter D.a photographer
    71.If you want to know the history of American painting, you may visit _____.
    A.the Noguchi Museum  B.Seattle Museum of Glass
    C.Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum  D.Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
    【实战演练练习二十七】(05广东卷 E篇)
    HOLIDAYS
    The Bay Hotel.It's a quiet, comfortable hotel overlooking (俯瞰) the bay in an uncommercialised Cornish fishing village on England's most southerly point.If pop music is no longer your strong point, and you are considering a relaxing holiday where the scenery is breathtaking and the sound of the sea is live music to your ears, come and stay with us.For adults only.Sssh! Don't tell everyone! 01326 280464
    Willapark Manor Hotel.Peaceful situation in 14 acres of separated gardens and woodland, overlooking picturesque bay.Close to coastal path and beach.Excellent cuisine.Our excellent service brings our guests back year after year.Children (reductions) and pets welcome.01840 770782
    The Country Garden Hotel.Delightful hotel set in lovely gardens; calm Island of Wight near Tennyson Downs, Great food! Garden, sea view and ground floor rooms.Please call for brochure (服务指南) and sample menu.Adults only and pets welcome.0800 980 1943
    Boscastle.Romantic 17th Century farmer's cottage in countryside with splendid coastal views.Well-equipped.Sleeps 5.Regret no pets/smoking.Garden with furniture.Brochure; 01633 450417
    Godshill.4 star self-served units.Non smoking.Sleeps 2 —4.Open all year.Good walks.Close to pubs.Peaceful.Cosy.No pets.Brochure: 01983 840371
    The Blakeney Hotel.Overlooking harbour, traditional privately owned friendly hotel vi
    bedrooms, lift, heated indoor pool, spa bath and saunas.Relax, walk, sail, play golf, explore the villages, countryside and coast.Special seasonal midweek price for aged citizens.01263 7407
    S W France.Rural setting near Cordes.Two beautifully repainted old houses, sleep 4/5 ,Gardens, woodland, pool, views, excellent walks.Available all year round.Outstanding.01962 776967
    72.All of the following hotels are close to the sea EXCEPT _______.
    A.S W France  B.The Blakeney Hotel
    C.Willapark Manor Hotel D.The Country Garden Hotel
    73.If you want to take your children and your dog with you on holiday, you can choose _________.
    A.The Country Garden Hotel B.Willapark Manor Hotel
    C.The Bay Hotel  D.Boscastle
    74.One of the hotels offers special price for _______.
    A.young people  B.elderly people
    C.foreign guests  D.students
    75.The purpose of the passage is to _______.
    A.warn B.advise C.describe D.advertise
    【实战演练练习二十八】(04上海卷 B篇)
    (You may read the questions first)
    Products: mail order
    Bay 3-piece luggage set for only  £69.99                      ALL ORDERS
    Half price offer                                            DELIVERED
    Pack with confidence, Travel in Style…. Arrive intact             FREE TO YOUR
    This elegant luggage is manufactured in a new hard-wearing plastic  DOOR
    which is strong and very light in weight
    ?Light but hard-wearing
    ?3 locks (2 key and I combination lock )for total security
    ?Supplied with initials for personalization
    MD 9572 £69.99
    Plan your journey they easy way
    This portable Traveler will give you directions from A to B
    anywhere in England, Scotland and Wales. Just enter the start
    and the end of your journey and the Traveler will work out
    the quickest route. The Traveler can also estimate the journey time, average speed
    and fuel consumption. Need to change your journey at any stage?
    The Traveler will give you a new set of directions. Other features include auto shut-off.
    And a built-in light for night-time use.
    Powered by 4AA batteries (not supplied).
    MD 7437 Traveler £69.99
    How much do you know?
    Everyone, young and old, enjoys and challenge of quizzers. Our electronic Quizmaster
    contains 5,400 questions and answers in 6 classifications—general knowledge, sport,
    science, geography, art and history. Each of these is further divided into 3 skill levels
    (easy, medium and difficult)so younger children can fairly compete against teenagers and
    adults. PLUS!
    Every Quizmaster includes:
    ?8 Games of Hangman
    ?Portune Teller Games
    ?10-digit calculator
    ?long life cell batteries included
    MD 9569 Quizmaster was £19.99 now £14.99
    79.In advertisement 2, the Traveler enables us to learn__________.
    A.the road conditions from London to Oxfords
    B.all the garages along the chosen route
    C.the time and speed of the journey in Britain
    D.the directions from London to Paris.
    80.In advertisement 3, the Quizmaster_________.
    A.contains nothing but 5400 questions      B.can only answer challenging questions
    C.can be purchased in many shops         D.can be used by people of all
    81.All these advertisements are aimed at those_________.
    A.who like to order goods at home     B.who are going to travel abroad
    C.who do market researches           D.who are interested in intelligence tests
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